Rehat Maryada - Verhaltenskodex der Sikhs

Sikh Rehat Maryada SGPC (Engl.)

Sikh Rehat Maryada SGPC (Punjabi)

Das Sikh Rehat Maryada ist der Verhaltenskodex für die Sikhs. Das Sikh Rehat Maryada ist ein weltweit geltendes Dokument für die Sikh Gemeinden.

Es wurde erstmals im Jahr 1931/32 verfasst und in vielen Zusammenkünften der verschiedenen Sikhvertretern und Sikh-Gruppen im Jahr 1945 von der SGPC (Shiromani Gurudwara Parbandhak Committee), Amritsar beschlossen.

Das Sikh Rehat Maryada beschreibt die Verantwortung und Praxis für Sikhs auf individueller Ebene als auch auf kollektiver Gemeinschaftsebene (Sangat und Guru Khalsa Panth).

Es beinhaltet u.a. die Definition eines Sikhs, die Meditation auf Naam mit dem Gurmantra Waheguru, Seva (selbstloser Dienst an der Gemeinschaft). Es werden die verschiedenen Sikhzeremonien beschrieben, sowie die Regeln und Vorschriften für die Gurudwaras erläutert.

Gurmat Rehat Maryada (Engl.)

Das Gurmat Rehat Mayarda gehört zu den Puratan Rehat Maryadas, den alten traditionellen Rehatnamas (Verhaltensrichtlinien), die die Sikh Gurus und Guru Gobind Singh ihren Sikhs vorgaben. Diese wurden von herausragenden Gursikhs, die den Gurus nahestanden, gesammelt und verfasst. Das Gurmat Rehat Mayarda wird als das ursprüngliche (traditionelle) Rehat Maryada betrachtet.

Es unterscheidet sich vom Sikh Rehat Maryada (SRM) in einigen Punkten, wie zum Beispiel: den Verzicht auf Fleisch und Eier, das Lesen des gesamten Anand Sahib (alle 40 Verse) etc.
Das Gurmat Rehat Maryada gibt es in Buchform in Englischer Sprache von Akaalpublisher, UK und ist bei Amazon erhältlich:

Bei Amazon erhältlich

Die 52 Hukamnamas von Guru Gobind Singh

Guru Gobind Singh verkündete die 52 Hukamnamas (52 Verhaltensregeln) im Jahr 1708 in Nanded, Maharashtra, bevor Er seinen Körper verliess und in Sachkand ging. Baba Ram Singh Koer kopierte und verteilte die 52 Hukamnamas. Baba Ram Singh Koer war der Enkelsohn von Baba Buddha Ji, der insgesamt sechs Sikh Gurus gedient hat. Guru Gobind Singh hat Sein persönliches Siegel auf das Dokument gesetzt. Eine Kopie ist im historischen Gurudwara Paonta Sahib ausgestellt.

  • Dharam dee kirat karnee
    Make a living doing honest work.
  • Dasvand denaa
    Donate a tenth share of your profits.
  • Gurbanee kantth karnee
    Learn Gurbani by heart.
  • Amrit velae utthnaa
    Arise during Amritvela.
  • Sikh sevak dee sevaa ruchee naal karnee
    Devotedly serve the Sikh who serves others.
  • Gurbanee de arth Sikh vidhvanaa tuo parrhnae
    Study the essence of Gurbani with learned Sikhs.
  • Panj Kakaar dee rehit drirh kar rukhnee
    Follow the discipline of the 5 K’s strictly. Adhere resolutely to the five articles of faith.
  • Shabad da abhihas karnaa
    Apply the sacred hymns to life in practice.
  • Sat Saroop Satgur daa dhian dharnaa
    Contemplate and assimilate the beautiful truth of the True Enlightener.
  • Guru Granth Sahib Jee noo Guru mananaa
    Believe in and accept Guru Granth Sahib Ji as the Guide to enlightenment.
  • Kaarjaan dae arambh vich ardaas karnee
    When undertaking any task, first perform the prayer of ardas.
  • Jaman, maran, ja viah mokae jup da paatth kar tihaaval (Karaah Parsaad) kar anand sahib dia punj paurian, ardaas, pratham panj pyaariaan atae hazooree granthee noo vartaa kae oprunth sangat noo vartaaouna
    For birth naming, funeral, or marriage ceremonies or devotional reading paath, recite Japji Sahib while making Karah Prashad, perform five verses of Anand Sahib, and ardaas, and then distribute Karah Prashad to the Panj Pyare, attending Granthi, and then to the sangat gathered for worship.
  • Jab tak Karaah Parshaad vartadaa rahae sadh sangat addol batthee rahae
    Until Karaah Parshaad has been served to everyone, the congregation ought to be still and remain seated.
  • Anand viah binaa grahist nahee karnaa
    Without Anand marriage ceremony carnal relations should not occur.
  • Par istree, ma bhain, dhee bhain, kar jaananee. Par istree da sang nahee karnaa
    Other than your wedded wife, consider all women as your mothers and sisters. Do not indulge in carnal marital relationships with them.
  • Istree da mooh nahee phitkaarnaa
    Do not subject your wife to cursing or verbal abuse.
  • Jagat jootth tambaakoo bikhiaa da tiaag karnaa
    Discard worldly ways, falsehoods, and poisonous tobacco.
  • Rehitvaan atae naam jupan vaalae gursikhaa dee sangat karnee
    Make companions of Gursikhs who follow the Rehit (Rehat Maryada) and recite the Divine Name.
  • Kum karan vich daridar nahee karnaa
    Work hard and don’t be lazy.
  • Gurbanee dee kathaa tae keertan roaz sunanaa atae karnaa
    Take part in listening to Kirtan and discussions of the essence of Gurbani every day.
  • Kisae dee ninda, chugalee, atae eirkhaa nahee karnee
    Do not gossip nor slander, or be spiteful to anyone.
  • Dhan, javaanee, tae kul jaat da abhiman naee karnaa (Nanak daadak tahe duae goath. Saak guroo Sikhan sang hoath)
    Do not be proud of riches, youthfulness or lineage. (Regardless of maternal and paternal caste or heritage, all of the Guru’s Sikhs are siblings of one family.)
  • Mat uchee tae suchee rakhnee
    Maintain a high standard of purity in religious discipline.
  • Shubh karman tao kadae naa ttarnaa
    Do not avoid performing virtuous acts.
  • Budh bal da daataa vaheguroo noo jaananaa
    Appreciate intellect and power as gifts of the all knowing wondrous Enlightener.
  • Sugandh (kasam sahu) dae kar itbaar janaaoun vaalae tae yakeen nahee karnaa
    Have no faith in oaths sworn by one attempting to convince another of sincerity.
  • Sutantar vicharna. Raaj Kaaj dian kamaan tae doosrae mutaa dia purshaan noo huk nahee daenaa
    Maintain independent rule. In the affairs of governing, do not give the power of religious authority to those of other faiths.
  • Raajnitee parhnee
    Study and learn about governmental policies, study politics.
  • Dushman naal saam, daam, bhaed, aadiak, upaa vartnae ate uprant udh karnaa
    When dealing with enemies, practice diplomacy, employ a variety of tactics, and exhaust all techniques before engaging in warfare.
  • Shaster vidyaa atae ghorhae di savaari da abhiaas karnaa
    Train in the skills of weaponry and horsemanship.
  • Doosrae mataa dae pustak, vidyaa parhnee. Pur bhrosaa drirh Gurbanee, Akaal Purakh tae karnaa
    Study the books and beliefs of other faiths. But maintain trust in Gurbani and Akaal Purakh [Undying divine timeless Creator].
  • Guroopdaesaa noo dhaaran karnaa
    Follow only the Guru teachings.
  • Raheraas da paath kar kharae ho kae ardaas karnee
    After reciting Rehras [evening prayers], stand up and perform Ardas.
  • Saun valae sohilaa atae ‘paun guru pani pita…’ salok parhnaa
    Recite the late evening prayer Sohila and the verse “Pavan guru pani pita…” before sleeping.
  • Dastaar binaa nahee rehnaa
    Never be without the Dastar, wear it always.
  • Singhaa da adhaa naam nahee bulaunaa
    Address a Singh by their entire name including Singh [or Kaur], do not shorten it by half or call them nicknames.
  • Sharaab nai saevanee
    Do not indulge in drinking alcoholic beverages.
  • Sir munae noo kanaiaa nahee daenee. Uos ghar daeve jithae Akaal Purukh dee sikhee ha, jo karza-ai naa hovae, bhalae subhaa da hovae, bibaekee atae gyanvaan hovae
    Do not given a daughter’s hand in marriage to a clean shaven one. Give her to a household where the Undying divine Creator, Akaal Purakh/Waheguru and he tenets of Sikhism are respected, to a household without debt, of a pleasing nature, which is disciplined and educated.
  • Subh kaaraj Gurbanee anusaar karnae
    Maintain all business affairs in accordance with Gurbani.
  • Chugalee kar kisae da kam nahee vigaarnaa
    Do not cause ruin by gossiping about other’s work/business.
  • Kaurha bachan nahee kahinaa
    Do not speak in bitterness.
  • Darshan yaatraa gurdwaaraa dee hee karnee
    Make pilgrimages only for visiting Gurdwaras.
  • Bachan karkae paalnaa
    Keep all promises made.
  • Pardaesee, lorvaan, dukhee, apung manukh dee yataahshkat seva karnee
    Do as much possible to serve and aid foreigners, those in need, or in trouble.
  • Putaree da dhan bikh jananaa
    Realize that considering a daughter as property is as poison.
  • Dikhaavae da Sikh nahee banana
    Do not act a Sikh outwardly only for show.
  • Sikhi kesaa-suaasa sang nibhaaounee
    Live and die a Sikh with hair intact and unshorn.
  • Chori, yaari, tthugi, dhokaa, dagaa bahee karnaa
    Abstain from thievery, adultery, cheating, deception, swindling and pillaging.
  • Sikh da itbaar karnaa
    Have confidence in a Gursikh.
  • Jhutthi gavaahee nahee daenee
    Do not make false statements.
  • Dhroh nahee karnaa
    Do not participate in fraud.
  • Langar Parshaad ik ras vartaaunaa
    Serve langar and prashad with impartiality.

Liste der Rehatname/Dokumente (Quelle: scribd)

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